Preface a - What is Kalam/Speech?
When we talk about studying Arabic, we refer to three sub-sciences: grammar (nahw), morphology (sarf), and rhetoric (balagha). Morphology is changing the internal structure of the word to produce different meanings. Nahw has to do with altering the endings of words to fit their part of speech in the sentence. The purpose of Arabic is to "guard the tongue from errors in speech." That being the case, our first task is to actually define speech. So the word "kalam" (speech) in this science has its own precise definition and differs from the "kalam" people usually debate about related to 'aqida. This is a good example of one word having different meanings in different Shari'a sciences.
PS - For each set of lectures, the full text will be added with the first clip (1a, 2a, 3a, etc).